Hagiotoponyms As A Reflection Of Spiritual Culture
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Toponyms are a kind of chronicle, a historical and geographical encyclopedia that has been formed over the centuries, reflects the historical events of a particular era, the cultural and spiritual values of people - prominent personalities, saints, heroes, etc.
The paper is dedicated to the hagiotoponyms of Georgia, Britain, France, Spain and Spanish-speaking countries, in particular – oykonyms – astonyms, komonyms with the component “saint” which is one of the aspects of onomastic vocabulary research. In the paper historic and geographic, historical and linguistic conditions of formation of the hagiotoponyms have been considered. The research is based on the descriptive method, semantic-structural and etymological, comparative analysis. The paper also discusses the impact of extralinguistic factors on these areas.
Hagionyms or the names of saints always express concept that the canonical name of a person is always motivated a carrier of linguocultural information. It includes knowledge of history and geographical location and shows the relationship between a nation and religious beliefs. The tradition of giving names to oykonyms dates back to ancient times.
Hagiotoponyms semantically contain cultural and historical information that originated in different historical periods and is related to the languages of the peoples living in different territories, the Christian religion.
The relationship between the country and the Christian faith is deep. The hagiotoponyms of the mentioned countries are rich and diverse. The studied material of hagiotoponyms -oykonyms (astionyms and komonyms) makes it possible to analyze them in terms of historical, cultural and linguistic viewpoint.