Sustainable Development and Ecotourism as the Main Mechanism of Biodiversity Protection

Main Article Content

Lana Mzarelua
Koba Korsantia


In the work “Sustainable development and ecotourism as the main mechanism of biodiversity protection”. Key issues such as the Sustainable Development Goals are discussed, which is a global strategy, it applies to the whole world, both developing and developed countries, therefore all countries of the world have supported the fulfillment of all seventeen Sustainable Development Goals at the national level until 2030. The UN Sustainable Development Goals are integral to the internal reforms of the Government of Georgia. is part of Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals requires an integration. The author discusses one of the most important goals of sustainable development, the protection of biodiversity, its role on various vitally important resources, and he also covers the world's hotspots of biodiversity, which are thirty-six worldwide, and among them is Georgia, where there is a great diversity of species and the threats faced by the existing species, every year Biodiversity is being lost, the author notes that the mechanism of biodiversity protection is determined by protected areas, they represent habitat and shelter for species. Therefore, it is necessary to dramatically increase the various categories of protected areas. Protected areas condition the development of ecotourism, which is the realization of sustainable development and implies renewal of tourist resources as well as socio-economic well-being rated.

Biodiversity, ecotourism, sustainable development, threats
Published: Sep 30, 2023

Article Details

How to Cite
Mzarelua, L., & Korsantia, K. (2023). Sustainable Development and Ecotourism as the Main Mechanism of Biodiversity Protection. Proceedings of Tskhum-Abkhazian Academy of Sciences, 23, 109–115.
Author Biographies

Lana Mzarelua, Sokhumi State University

Doctor of Geography, Sokhumi State University, Assistant Professor


Koba Korsantia, Sokhumi State University

Doctor of Geography , Sokhumi State University, Associate Professor